Different anomalies related to the inappropriate development of the ductus arteriosus or the aortic arch have been described, in some cases accompanied with chromosomal or morphological anomalies, and also being able to form a vascular ring that can compromise the postnatal life.
Laparoscopic surgeries have revolutionized surgical domains. It involves inflation of abdomen with carbon dioxide (CO2 ) which alters hemodynamic and metabolic parameters. This randomized prospective study was conducted in the department of Anesthesiology, tertiary care government hospital on 48 patients undergoing diagnostic laparoscopy with expected duration of the procedure lasting between 15 to 30 minutes.
1.1. Case Report: We describe a case report of 20 years old female with pigmentation over the dorsum of the tongue since childhood. Examination of the oral cavity showed pigmentation of fungi form papilla on lateral and dorsal aspect of tongue
Pulmonary Noncaseating Granuloma Associated with Inflixima- bin Crohn’s Disease: The First Case Reported in China
Crohn’s Disease (CD) is a main kind of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) whose etiology is unclear but complex and the effective treatment is deficient. Since Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) inhibitor used to treat CD, greatly improvement has been seen in patients’ clinical symptom and living condition.